Thursday, January 30, 2020
Why Go To College Essay What influenced me to attend college? My Grandparents have tried to get me to go to college for many years. However, I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have much interest in furthering my education. I was a nanny for almost seven years, and had hopes of making that my career, until I was charged with a felony. That put an abrupt end to a career in any form of childcare. So after spending the next two years in treatment, I came to the conclusion that going to college would be the best way for me to achieve my new interest of helping others with their chemical dependency addictions. Ã¢â¬Å"Your future starts hereÃ¢â¬ (www.grad.pci.uta.edu). There are a lot of colleges that use that catch phrase. My future without college became clear to me when witnessing two brothers that came from the same background. One attended college and the other chose not to, and began his own transportation business. With the event of 9-11, his business went under. Without an education beyond High School, he has not been able to find meaningful employment and is currently living in a camper and doing odd jobs. The other brother, that attended college, is now an executive in a major corporation and is living in a Ã¢â¬ËmansionÃ¢â¬â¢. It became clear to me that in order to get into the field I am interested in and make a decent living, I would need to further my education. The difference in the annual income between someone with just a high school diploma and someone with a BachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s Degree is huge. Statistics show that High School graduates on average make $33,176 a year, and someone with a BachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s Degree can make $54,756 on average per year.(www.ohe.state.mn.us, Facts About Income of Graduates, Minnesota Office of Higher Education, March 23, 2012, web, Aug. 2013) Now thatÃ¢â¬â¢s quite a difference. I chose to compare these two things because a BachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s Degree is what I would need to get into the field I may possibly be interested in. IÃ¢â¬â¢m still unsure of a specific major that I would like to pursue. Chemical Dependency Counseling is an interest of my mine, but IÃ¢â¬â¢m still undecided. So thatÃ¢â¬â¢s another plus with going to college, they offer courses that are meant to help someone whoÃ¢â¬â¢s unsure about what they want to do with their future, find something that interests them. I have found that college is not as easy as I once thought. There are many things or activities one must give up or put on hold while attending college, but a little studying now will lead to a better future later. Mainly what I hope to gain by attending college,Ã is not only a higher education, but also a skill set and the discipline to build a career in the field I choose, rather than just having a minimum wage job.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
'The Labor Debate:'; The American Dream Revisited Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Immigration is one hot topic in modern day conversation. Many believe that immigrants coming to the United States are taking many well-needed jobs away from able-bodied Americans. On the other hand, there are still those that believe that the jobs being taken away are not ones that Americans would perform due to the terrible working conditions, low pay, and lack of medical coverage. The immigration problem has come to a point where the United States must make a decision to spend a lot of money to curtail the amount of immigrants using force and funds of an overbearing amount, or to just let the immigrants continue to go about their business in trying to find a way into a country where they are mildly welcome. The article 'The Labor Debate'; discusses both the pros and cons of immigrants, both legal and illegal alike, taking jobs of their own in a country where they might not be welcome. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã I believe that the immigrants are not necessarily taking jobs away from the American worker. Those occupations that the immigrants possess are truly illegal for any employer to employ any American. The job sights include unsanitary conditions, dangerous equipment use without proper safety precautions, extremely long working days, and less than minimum wage for average pay. There is not one citizen in this country that would stand for such an outrageous environment to work in. Many would go directly to an inspection board to have the factory/plant evaluated to see if the factory could pass any sort of inspection. Hence, the factory/plant would be closed down and there would be even fewer jobs for Americans. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Those immigrants out there that are working are helping to construct certain items that citizens of the United States do not want to be a part of. Take as an example the sewing of blue jeans, a product that graces the legs of half the country. Many Americans out there need this clothing for working and playing in. However, the tedious work of sewing blue jeans does not fit into the description of the American dream for the citizens of this country. If it helps to put some food on the table for a starving family from Mexico, ask yourself if it is truly worth it to throw all the illegal immigrants out to send them to a place where no jobs are available to pay them money that can even provide this meager amount of food?
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
The origins of the practice of assemblage can be traced back to its early twentieth century roots based on ideas presented by Dadaists. The Dada movement was a literary and artistic movement during the First World War and further developed as a non-art movement. The main idea of Dada was to not follow a uniform rule of what an artwork entails in order to be valued. This movement was significant in the development and history of art as it challenged society with new ideas therefore provoking change in our perspective of what can be classified as aesthetically pleasing and all the possibilities of what art is. Also, the emergence of Dadaism occurred when the world was in an affluent, strong, materialistic and consumer oriented mindset and was created out of the frustration and pain felt by young artists provoked by a revolt against the horrors of war. By their governments allowing such barbarism to take place, they then adapted beliefs in opposite to those implemented onto them: For example, in a time where impressionism was celebrated as influenced by realism, romanticism, baroque and renaissance movements, Dadaists disregarded past influences and made their own art from whatever was considered non-artistic. The Dadaists stood for anything that wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t classified as art due to criticism of this war and created non art by using Shock Art to capture the attention of viewers at the time. The Dadaists would use vulgar words, scatological humour, visual puns and found objects to create non artistic pieces. This generated reactions of offence and shock by society at the time and therefore achieved its purpose, which was to provoke an emotional reaction from an audience. A clear example of this is represented in Marcel DuchampÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËL. H. O. O. QÃ¢â¬â¢ where the artist has painted moustache on a copy of the Mona Lisa. This became one of the most well known acts of degrading a famous artwork as DuchampÃ¢â¬â¢s postmodern viewpoint challenged what the image originally had to offer and changed its meaning completely. This Ã¢â¬ËdegradingÃ¢â¬â¢ of the Mona Lisa achieved another level of offence through the title of the image being a pun, which, when translated in French, the lettersÃ¢â¬â¢ pronunciation says Ã¢â¬Å"She has a hot assÃ¢â¬ whilst being displayed as post-card size rather than being large and therefore admired as Da VinciÃ¢â¬â¢s masterpiece was as well as many influential artworks of the past. The subjective viewpoint of this artwork is to provoke an emotive response from viewers and is a form of satire against the Ã¢â¬ËMona LisaÃ¢â¬ . The Dada movement was a revolt against the Ã¢â¬Å"high culturalÃ¢â¬ content of the visual arts of the time. To truly act against high content of artwork, the Dadaists elevated ordinary objects into the outlook of the Ã¢â¬ËaestheticÃ¢â¬â¢ by forcing viewers to observe everyday objects in new frameworks. Assemblage in the Dada movement varied widely as there was no predominant medium of use in any of these artworks and left the construction of the work to the imagination of the creator rather than implying that only a painting suiting the era is considered art. The Dada movement self destructed when it was in danger of becoming an acceptable art practice in society. Due to use of assemblage, ready made objects and montage of all sorts, these techniques of art gained acceptance from Dadaism and became popular within the upcoming years of the movement. Dada was influential in the creation of surrealism as these works are not only an attempt to express the mechanism of the mysterious subconscious but are also characterized by fantastic imagery and bizarre juxtaposition of subject matter trying to be represented in this form. Another representation of Dada is Marcel DuchampÃ¢â¬â¢s exhibition of a urinal (left) as his sculpture aiming to persuade audiences to view the urinal as a work of art and called it a Ã¢â¬Å"readymadeÃ¢â¬ . Due to DuchampÃ¢â¬â¢s Dada contributions and challenging of the social order of the art world, he is now seen as the originator of conceptual art. DuchampÃ¢â¬â¢s works are both seen as postmodern as they use postmodern conventions such as appropriation and parody (as seen in L. H. O. O. Q) and recontextualisation in Ã¢â¬ËFountainÃ¢â¬â¢ (above). The re-emergence of the found object in pop art was significant in the development of the history of art as it reinforced previous ideas presented by the Dada artists of aesthetics and of what society will accept as an artistic work. The re-emergence of the found object in pop art looked at artworks using contemporary theories and knowledge that were established in the 1980s to challenge traditional and modernist ideas, which was exactly the aim of the Dadaists. It is due to the challenging of contemporary perceptions of art in which the found object would be considered a postmodern practice in its time. Found art (also known as Ready-mades) is a description of art created by modified and undisguised objects that are not considered art for the main reason of their non-art function. The art created by these found objects convey meaning through their context, assemblage/composition and by the artists intention and approaches taken to montage pieces together. The use of assemblage and the found object in Pop Art practice became an artistic trend and is exemplified by Robert Rauschenberg where he combines installations with the assemblage of large physical objects and commercial photography to form Ã¢â¬ËCombineÃ¢â¬â¢ in 1963. Rauschenberg merges various non-traditional materials and objects into innovative combinations and through this process, has combined contemporary art with the found objects. This demonstrates RauschebergsÃ¢â¬â¢ movement from abstract expressionism to pop art. RaschenburgÃ¢â¬â¢s process of art making involved entailed walking around a block of area in his studio and collecting junk and rubbish, as demonstrated in Ã¢â¬Å"CombineÃ¢â¬ . This artmaking practice was seen as a further development of DadaÃ¢â¬â¢s use if rubbish and readymades. Raschenburg is now considered to be a neo-Dadaist due to these unconvential traditions. His works such as Ã¢â¬Å"CombineÃ¢â¬ are subjective as they are personal works expressing thought and imagination. Claes OldenburgÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Giant HamburgerÃ¢â¬ is another example of the found objectÃ¢â¬â¢s re-emergence in pop art as it reflects his concerns of making art materials from products of the commercial world and succeeds in showing the everyday complexity of 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s American culture, being that of fast food. Ã¢â¬Å"Giant HamburgerÃ¢â¬ is unconventional in its subject matter and materials as it simply displays a massively oversized American icon at 132 cm high and 213 cm wide. The use of imitating a symbol of American culture enhances the impact of this work and the soft texture of the sculpture also challenges the idea that a sculptureÃ¢â¬â¢s form must be solid and hard. This artwork is cultural as it highlights a the American culture that has become fast food and is subjective as Oldenburg sums up his ideas of fast food in hope of provoking a response from audiences, therefore creating a link between the artist and the artwork. Richard Hamilton also represents the re-emergence of the found object in Pop art as he became known for Ã¢â¬Å"Just What Is It that Makes TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s Homes So Different, So Appealing? Ã¢â¬ in 1956. This collage consists of various images found from American magazines all within a household environment. The staircase is taken from a model advertisement for a vacuum cleaner and the woman posing is believed to be Jo Baer who had posed for burlesque magazines in her youth. The rug is a blown up photograph once used as a magazine feature and the figure of the Earth cuts into the top of the picture. Features of Pop Art are present in this image through the use of bright colours and collage is used in HamiltonÃ¢â¬â¢s artmaking adding a unique and distinguishable factor to his work. The objects that are displayed are also significant and can be related to Hamilton, therefore making the artwork subjective as well as postmodern. These articles and cutouts from around the room are from HamiltonÃ¢â¬â¢s collection over time from texts he found to be interesting. Through expression of HamiltonÃ¢â¬â¢s experiences, the audience is able to reflect on the artistsÃ¢â¬â¢ imaginative qualities produced by the above artwork. The conceptual framework is visible in this image as the artistsÃ¢â¬â¢ ideas are tied in with the world (being current affairs as shown by the media/articles/magazines) to form an artwork for a broad audience. The cultural frame is also portrayed in Ã¢â¬Å"Just What Is It that Makes TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s Homes So Different, So Appealing? Ã¢â¬ Through ideological aspects in society such as the medias influence as represented by magazines, celebrities and newspapers. This artwork is therefore significant as it acts as a zeitgeist reflecting the culture of the time when pop art was emerging. This allows audiences to understand the artistÃ¢â¬â¢s world at the time and the audience he was presenting to as well as his influences. The earth cutting into the top of the artwork may represent advances in knowledge regarding evolution of Earth that may have influenced Hamilton.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"PhÃ ¨dreÃ¢â¬ was a classic tragedy written by Jean Racine in the 17th century. It explored the theme of fatality, with regards to Greek mythological references. The drama reflected the importance of order and harmony (L1) during classicism period in light of Racinian poetics. It also paralleled with the political background during Louis XIV regime, through the portrayal of ThÃ ©sÃ ©e as a heroic dominant both within and outside the palace. Among the many themes aforementioned, this commentary will shed light on RacineÃ¢â¬â¢s arrangement of plot structure, use of the dramatic and linguistic effect, major classicism values, and parallelism with the absolute monarchy in France. To begin with, the first part of the extract from Act 4 Scene 2 was a dialogue between Hippolytus and ThÃ ©sÃ ©e. It served as a plot device and revealed the prominence of logical thinking in the 17th century. ThÃ ©sÃ ©eÃ¢â¬â¢s accusation of Ã¢â¬Å"d inceste et d adultÃ ¨reÃ¢â¬ against Hippolytus triggered him to confess his love for Aricia as a defense. However, it enraged ThÃ ©sÃ ©e even more as he perceived it as his sonÃ¢â¬â¢s atrocious attempt to cover up his Ã¢â¬Å"brutale insolenceÃ¢â¬ . This scene helped to transit the play to the Ã¢â¬Ëfalling actionÃ¢â¬â¢ in which Hippolytus and ThÃ ©sÃ ©e unwittingly became the victims of OenoneÃ¢â¬â¢s perfidy. This scene also hinted the idea of determinism and free will. Each action and choice would casually lead to another one, like the domino effect. Such as how ThÃ ©sÃ ©e accusation against his son led to Hippolytus revealing